Saturday, 28 October 2006

How Iceland is combatting soil erosion

Good quality soil is essential to our economic activities - it provides us with food, drinking water and raw materials. But soil degradation is accelerating across the European Union, with negative effects on human health, ecosystems and climate change. The EU has just introduced a strategy to preserve, protect and restore soils.


However, within Europe it's a non-EU country that is struggling the most with soil erosion. Iceland in the North Atlantic has Europe's largest desert and was also the first country in the world to fight soil erosion.

I visited Iceland's soil conservation service in the small village of Gunnarsholt two hours south of Reykjavik. The area is today surrounded by fields and tree plantations, but less than a century ago it was threatened by advancing sand dunes.

Iceland Soil Erosion by Aventures

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